The feature of Central Anatolia in the heart of Turkey is the Cappadocia region, an amazing landscape of hardened volcanic ash, which has dramatically eroded to form spectacular scenery. The incredible landscape of Cappadocia was created around 30 million years ago, when erupting volcanoes blanketed the region in ash. The ash then solidified to become tuff, an easily eroded material. Over time, the tuff has eroded away by wind, water and extreme changes in temperature, creating distinctive formations. Cappadocia is only around 300 square kilometers and as a tourist, Göreme is one of the best towns to be based in as it is full of fairy chimneys and walking distance from the beautiful valleys, each distinctive by its unusual rock formations.